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Labanoras Bird List. PDF Print E-mail
Written by Jos   

Nutcracker

 

 

 

With a mix of habitats, from flood forest to flower meadows, coupled with a location between major lake systems, my 35 hectares have proved exceptionally productive in the years since autumn 2004, surprises turning up season after season.

 

 

 

 

 

Amongst the highlights, Rollers, Cranes, both storks, Pygmy Owl, Quail and Corncrake, plus eight species of woodpecker and 17 species of raptors, including White-tailed and Lesser Spotted Eagles. In addition, quite a number of birds rare in Lithuania have been recorded - as much a testimony to the amount of time spent at the site as to the locality itself. These include Short-toed Eagle, Pallid Harrier, Red-footed Falcon, Bee-eater, Yellow-browed Warbler, Arctic Redpoll and a Pine Bunting.

 

A total of 186 species of birds have now been recorded at this locality, including birds seen over the land. Amongst the many species, additions in recent years have included:

2011 - Eagle Owl.

2012 - Lesser Black-backed Gull, Bewick's Swan, Little Crake, Common Redstart.

2013 - Snow Bunting, Wood Sandpiper, Common Redshank, Eurasian Wigeon, Water Rail, Parrot Crossbill.

2014 - Common Sandpiper, Shoveler, Arctic Skua, Moorhen, Turtle Dove, Sand Martin, Crested Tit.

2015 - Tufted Duck, Black-throated Diver, Red-throated Diver, Savi's Warbler, Bearded Tit, Reed Warbler.

2017 - Great Reed Warbler.

2018 - Little Grebe, Black-tailed Godwit, Ruff, Marsh Sandpiper, Yellow-browed Warbler.

2019 - Smew, Gadwall, Greenshank.

2020 - Pintail, Spotted Redshank, Citrine Wagtail, Spotted Crake, European Nightjar, Barred Warbler.

 

FULL SYSTEMATIC LIST

 

Black-throated Diver.

Superb record, a flock of six birds flew over on 16 April 2015, followed minutes later by a flock of 17 birds. Also Red-throated Diver with them.

 

Red-throated Diver.

Flying with Black-throated Divers, one flew over on 16 April 2015.

 

Little Grebe.

Single recorded on a flood pool on 28 April 2018, with another arriving on 1 May and the pair beginning nest-building, still present on 26 May and incubating, but the pool then dried out.

 

Cormorant.

Irregular fly-over species, single birds or pairs seen several times a year. Highest counts were nine birds on 4th April 2011, 43 birds on 30th August 2014 and 14 on 3 May 2015.

 

Bittern.

In recent years, from 2015 onward, booming birds have resided in the developing wetland on my land, a result of woodland flooded and opened out by Beavers, then subsequently invaded by extensive reedbeds. Depending on the year, arrives in late March to mid-April, typically one booming male is present and breeding presumed. Occasionally a second bird heard, as well as distant birds on nearby lake systems.

 

Great White Egret.

Increasing in recent years, breeding from 2018. This species is expanding in Lithuania and records are expected to further increase. Further future breeding is expected. A summary of records:

2007: one on 5 May.

2012: a flock of three on 25 August.

2014: a pair on 6 September.

2015: a single on 3 May and a flock of seven on 4 May

2016: two on 28 March, a flock of eight on 23 April, two on 28 May, two feeding in the flood forest on 11 June (roosting in trees at dawn).

2017: three flying north in early April, another a few days late. A pair thereafter seen occasionally throughout the summer season.

2018: one flying over on 5 May, then a pair regular throughout the remainder of the spring, breeding presumed, with seven individuals on flooded meadow on 31 May.

2019: a flock of six migrating over on 17 March. Thereafter, common from April and breeding confirmed, seven pairs within the Grey Heron colony.

2020: breeding again at the heron colony, birds actively visiting the site from 20 March. Estimated 10-12 pairs, a significant increase on 2019.

 

Grey Heron.

Common throughout the summer, a colony of about 15-20 pairs breeds just off the edge of my land.

 

White Stork.

Abundant, first birds returning in early April or the last days of March (eg 24 March 2018, 28 March 2019 and 27 March 2020), tends to depart from the middle of August. About eight nests are visible from my land. Also a regular migrant, particularly in autumn - largest single flock being 320 birds in early September 2006, also 88 on 29 August 2004.

 

White Stork
 
White Stork

 

Black Stork.

First recorded in 2006 with a pair on 15 June and a single on 8 July, but then annual until 2013, usually occasional birds flying over, but also pairs feeding in the flood forest. No records between 2014 and 2018, but one bird on 4 April 2019 and one on 5 April 2020.

 

Mute Swan.

Common on nearby lakes and birds frequently fly over my land, typically pairs or small flocks.

 

Whooper Swan.

Regular birds, mostly in spring, either flying over or on flood pools in meadows:

2004. A pair flying over on 20 October.

2013. A pair on 6 April.

2014. Three birds on 9 March.

2015. Three on 11 April and five on 23 April.

2016. A pair visited a flood pool in the meadows on 14, 17 and 26 March.

2017. Two flying over on 5 March, presumed same on 13 and 16 March. Six birds flying over on 18 March. One on flood pools on 30 April.

2018. Two pairs on flood pools on 16 April, one pair remaining till 5 May. A flock of 13 flying over on 25 October represents the largest count on my land.

2019: Pair on 11 February, then numerous records of birds flying over in March, almost daily, maximum five birds.

2020: Almost daily in March and April, flying over or settling on flood pools. More noteworthy, a pair were present from 12 April in a difficult to observe reeded area of the flood forest, breeding presumed.

 

Bewick's Swan.

Three records: a flock of ten birds flying north on 23 April 2012; three birds flying south on 19 October 2014; four flying north on 15 October 2016.

 

White-fronted Goose.

Abundant passage migrant, particularly in spring. Daily counts frequently in the hundreds in March and early April.

 

Bean Goose.

Common, similar numbers and patterns of occurence to White-fronted Geese.

 

Greylag Goose.

Four records, all in March: a single with White-fronted Geese in March 2009, another single on 9 March 2014, five flying over on 4 March 2017 and two on 11 March 2019.

 

Mallard.

The most abundant duck on the land - two or three pairs breed annually in the flood forest and families are regular at the feeding station from the late summer till autumn's end.

 

Mallard

 

Gadwall.

One record - a pair on 18 April 2019.

 

Pintail.

A pair on a flood pool in the meadows on 29 March 2020.

 

Shoveler.

Three records - a pair flying over on 3 May 2014, a flock of 24 on 25 April 2015, one male on 1 May 2019.

 

Eurasian Wigeon. 

Several records:

2013. A female in the flood forest on 14 September.

2016. A female in the flood forest on 16 October.

2017. A bird calling at night on 17 March.

2018. A flock of eight on flood pools on 16 April.

2019. Four on flood pools on 7 April.

2020. A pair on 29 March, then three on 9 April, these increasing to five on 10-17 April.A flock of eight flying over on 29 April.

 

Common Teal.

One or two pairs breed annually in the flood forest. Also moderatley common on spring passage, settling in the flood forest or flooded meadows. Usually less than five birds, but counts of up to seven in mid-April 2012 and 12 in mid-April 2020.

 

Garganey.

Several records, mostly spring migrants, but one breeding record also: 

2009. Three birds in the flood forest from 26 April (two males and a female), a pair staying on to breed.

2013. A single bird on 14 September.

2015. A pair on 23 April.

2017. A pair on 30 April.

2018. A pair on 16 April.

2020. On a seasonal pool in the meadows, a pair on 21 April, two more pairs next day. Of more note, a breeding pair in the flood forest from 30 April, the male and occasionally female  reappearing on the seasonal pool in the meadows on several dates in early May.

 

Tufted Duck.

Four birds flying over on 4 April 2015.

 

Goldeneye.

One or two pairs breed each year in the flood forest, otherwise a fairly common fly-over species and visitor to the pools in the meadows.

 

Smew.

One recorded on 25 March 2019, a male flying over.

 

Goosander. 

Recorded almost every year, mostly birds flying over. Repeatedly seen in the flood forest from 5 -17 April, a pair seemed to be showing interest in nesting sites. Breeds on nearby lakes.

 

White-tailed Eagle.

Increasing, recorded regularly. Most frequently seen in March to April and autumn, though increasingly throughout the summer and, additionally, adults were seen in mid-winter in 2015, 2016, 2018 and 2020. Most records are of birds flying over, but occasionally roosts in the forest. Highest counts were three adult birds on 11 March 2012, three on several dates in February 2020 (two adults and one immature roosting in the forest) and two pairs together on 10 May 2020. Of note, a pair appeared to breeding in forest immediately adjacent to my land in 2020, the pair dispalying frequently in May, a second pair engaging on one occasion.

 

White-tailed Eagle

 

Osprey.

Occasionally seen overhead in the summer months, breeds nearby and fishes in neighbouring lakes. Earliest spring bird was on 10 April 2020, though more typical from about 20 April.

 

Lesser Spotted Eagle.

One pair sometimes breeds in the flood forest. Additionally, extra birds moderately common some summers and further birds occur on passage. Earliest returnees were on 30 March 2008 and 5 April 2020, more usual mid-April.

 

Short-toed Eagle.

A rare bird in Lithuania. One record, a single bird at the forest edge on 18 September 2005.

 

Black Kite.

Breeds in the area and occasionally seen from mid-April through to autumn, generally singles or pairs, though four birds seen together in July 2005. Formerly more common - annual until 2016, rarer since with just a single record on 31 May 2018 and a singles on 1 and 5 May 2020.

 

Marsh Harrier.

Abundant, a daily visitor to the meadows throughout the summer, usually arriving in the first week of April. Pairs breed around neighbouring lakes and a pair has bred in an open area in the flood forest in recent years - in 2008 and every year since 2018.

 

Marsh Harrier

 

Hen Harrier.

Occasional records generally one or two seen every year, mostly in early spring (dates 17 March-3 April) or late autumn (dates 14-27 October). A bird on 24 August 2015 was unseasonally early.

 

Montagu's Harrier.

Breeds in the general area, arrives from first days of May - frequency on my land varies year to year, almost daily some years, but just an occasional visitor most years.

 

Pallid Harrier.

A rare bird in Lithuania. Three records, a male on 28 September 2005, a male 15 October 2015 and  female on 22 April 2020.

 

Rough-legged Buzzard.

Relatively rare in late autumn or early spring visitor. First record on 20 October 2004, then almost annual since 2013:

2013. One on 27 October.

2014. One on 29 March.

2016. One on 2 April.

2017. One on 2 March.

2018. One on 4 November.

2019. One on 11 February, one on 20 October.

2020. One on 11 April.

 

Common Buzzard.

Common year-round. Breeds in or near the forest, hunts over the meadows. Additionally, small numbers winter and regular movements occur on passage. Mid-September movements can amount to 10-15 birds/hour.

 

Honey Buzzard. 

Recorded most summers, particularly later in the season. Fairly common in some seasons, scarce in others.

 

Sparrowhawk.

Recorded throughout the year, occasionally attacking the feeding station in winter. Most common on autumn passage, especially September to October - up to 20-25 birds per hour often seen drifting south.

 

Goshawk.

Occasional visitor, usually recorded four or five times a year, no particular seasonal bias.

 

Goshawk

 

 

Kestrel.

As across Lithuania, generally uncommon. One successful breeding record (2014), but otherwise a scarce passage bird, six in autumn (four in August, two on September) and eight in spring (six April, two May).

Total records are as following:

2005. One on 15 August, two individuals on 18 September.

2006. One on 20 August.

2011. One on 25 August.

2012.  One on 11 August.

2013. Three individuals on 14 April.

2014. Two on 3 May, then a pair settling to breed locally, fledging three young in early August. From this pair, birds remained in the area until September.

2016. One present on 24 April, another on 28 April.

2017. One on 24 April.

 

Merlin.

Two records, both females - one 21 March 2010, one on 7 May 2020.

 

Red-footed Falcon.

A rare bird in Lithuania, becoing more common in late summer. 

2004. A female on 14 August.

2013. A juvenile on 4 August 2012 and another juvenile on 11 August.

2014. A mini influx with one juvenile on 10 August 2014, another a week later, then four together in early September.

2015. Three singles were seen on dates between 5 and 17 September.

2017. One on 20 August.

2018. One on 6-8 September.

2019. One on 31 August, another on 22 September.

 

Hobby.

Arrives in late April to early May (eg 21 April in 2018, 1 May 2020), relatively common some years, less so in others. Recorded almost on a daily basis in summer some years, appears to be declining.

 

Black Grouse.

Three records - single birds flushed from the same area of regenerating meadows each time - a male in autumn 2008, a male on 27 April 2014 and a female on 23 October 2014.

 

Hazel Grouse.

Several records, mostly in coniferous forest at the edge of my land, though occasionally wandering throughout the wooded and regenerating areas.

2005. A pair were observed in the oak woodland on 1 May.

2011. Tracks of one to two birds were found in the snow in the regenerating area on 21 February.

2013. Tracks of a single bird were found in the snow in the conifer forest on 19 January

2014. Three records - a male adjacent to the forest on 9th and 24th March, a bird flushed near the feeding station on 6 September, then one in the conifers on 19 October.

2015. A pair were present in the conifer forest on 15 February 2015.

2016. One near the feeding station on 16 October.

2018. Female with brood of well-grown young in the regenerating scrub area on 15 July, one on 6 October in the conifer forest.

2019. Dropping were found in the regenerating area on 24 March.

 

Grey Partridge.

In earlier years, small coveys were encountered in the meadows once or twice a year, with a maximum count of 18 on 2 October 2005. No records since 2013 however.

 

Quail.

Occasionally breeds in the open meadows. Population varies year to year, sometimes none, sometimes two-five singing males per season. Rarely seen, but one flushed on 21 May 2008.

 

Corncrake.

Breeds in the meadows, up to three or four singing males each year. Occasional autumn birds, e.g. one on 7 September 2013.

 

Corncrake

 

Spotted Crake.

Holding territory and singing evry night, a territorial bird present from 7 May, breeding presumed.

 

Little Crake.

A very welcomed species, now recorded four times:

2012. A male present in the flood forest from 16-17 June.

2015. A single in the flood forest on 13 September.

2019. A singing male present from from at least 17-19 May.

2020. A singing bird present from  30 April, attracting a mate from 2 May, breeding presumed.

 

Water Rail.

After a single autumn bird in the flood forest on 16 September 2013 and at least four in the same area for a couple of weeks from 10 August 2014, remarkably a pair was found with three chicks on 15 August 2015, just a week after birds were heard calling for the first time. Thereafter, from 2016, almost annual in autumn. Spring birds less common - singles heard on 25 April 2016 and from 4 April onwards in 2020, two present in early to mid-May.

 

Moorhen.

One record in 2014 - an immature bird on 10 August. Following this first record, a pair then settled and successfully bred in the flood forest in 2015. Present again in 2016, seen or heard from 25 April, then through May and June, breeding presumed.

 

Crane.

Common from March till autumn. Earliest spring arrivals on 21 February 2019 and 28 February 2020. In recent years, one pair has regularly bred in the flood forest and additional pairs are virtually daily in the meadows, frequently two or three pairs. Additional birds occur on passage, largest count being 113 on 9 October 2004, 205 on 27 September 2015 and 220 on 20 October 2019.

 

Golden Plover.

One record, a flock of seven birds flying over on 3 September 2006.

 

Lapwing.

Reasonably frequent on passage, usually small flocks flying over. Frequently feeds in the meadows, occasional pairs breed in adjacent areas.

 

Lapwing

 

Common Sandpiper.

Three birds flying over on 1 May 2014.

 

Green Sandpiper.

Breeds in the flood forest, territorial display common in the spring from late March. Birds also frequently seen on pools in the meadows and the excavated pools in the spring, sometimes up to ten birds present.

 

Wood Sandpiper.

Recorded in four years, all records in spring:

2012. A flock of 21 birds flying over on 28 April.

2018. Seven on floodpools on 5 May.

2019. A good series of records on the floodpools in May 2019, peaking at 61 on 1st, then 15 on the 4th, 39 on the 5th and a single on the 11th.

2020. A good run of spring records - two on floodpools on 15-19 April, four on 25-26 April, eight on 27 April, 19 on 28 April, 32 on 29 April, 20 on 1-2 May, eight on 3 May, 12 on 5 May, 18 on 6 May, 35 on 7 May, 12 on 8-10 May, 4 on 11-13 May, 4 on 15 May, 8 on 17 May, 19 on 18 May, 8 on 19 May, three on 21 May.

 

Common Redshank.

Several records, all in spring:

2013. Single bird flying over on 18 May.

2018. Multiple birds in April/May.

2019. One on 1 May.

2020. One on 10-11 April, one on 22 April, one on 27 April, one on 17 May.

 

Spotted Redshank.

Five records involving seven birds, all on flood pools in the meadows in 2020 - a summer-plumage bird on 22 April, a non-breeding plumage bird on 22-24 April, a non-breeding plumage bird on 28 April, three breeding plumage birds on 29 April, one in partial summer plumage on 30 April.

 

Greenshank.

Four records:

2019. One flying over on 11 September.

2020. All on floodpools in the meadows, two on 15-28 April, an additional bird joining the two on 22-28 April, one on 11-12 May.

 

Marsh Sandpiper.

One record - a single bird on floodpools on 26 May 2018.

 

Curlew.

Breeds in the general area and occasional birds are seen in spring (mainly early April), occasionally summer. Formerly more common, few recent records, though two on 16 April 2020.

 

Black-tailed Godwit.

Five records, all on the floodpools in the meadows:

2018. Three on 16 April.

2019. One on 15 April.

2020. One on 6 April,  two on 11-12 April, two on 28-28 April.

 

Ruff.

Four records, all on the floodpools in the meadows:

2018. One male on 26 May, three females on 3 June.

2020. One female on 23 April, a male and a female on 3 May.

 

Woodcock. 

Breeds in the general area and probably occurs more frequently than the records suggest. Records so far are as follows:

2005. One bird in flight display on 4 May

2009. A pair on 15 March

2010. A single on 28 March

2014: Two separate individuals on 9 March.

2015. One recorded on a night cam at feeders and by a pool on several dates around 24 September.

2016. An amazing spring run of records: one on 26 March, four on 31 March (pair and two singles), two singles on 2 April, one on 4 April.

2018.  A late record of an individual on 25 October.

2019.  One on 11 June, then an unusual winter record of an individualon 14 December.

2020. Singles flushed on both 3 April and 4 April, a roding bird every night from 5 April into May.

 

Common Snipe. 

Occasional visitor, occurring most springs around the excavated pools or damp grasslands. Displaying birds sometimes seen, breeding in the flood forest in 2020 and in the general area every year.

 

Arctic Skua.

A totally unexpected record, one pale-phase bird flying over on 7 June. Heading north, this was presumably a late migrant, though highly unusual over 300 km inland.

 

Black-headed Gull.

Breeds on an adjacent lake and is commonly seen overhead or on the floodpools, sometimes in large flocks.

 

Common Gull.

Not abundant, occasionally seen with Black-headed Gulls passing over the land or, more rarely, on the floodpools.

 

Lesser Black-backed Gull.

Two records - three birds flying over on 14 April 2012 and one on 4 April 2015.

 

Herring Gull.

Most frequent in spring, most records relate to pairs or small flocks flying over.

 

Common Tern.

Breeds on lakes either side of the property, arrives from late April, frequently overflies en route to these lakes, occasional on pools in the meadows.

 

Black Tern.

Breeds on nearby lakes, possibly bred in an open area within the flood forest in 2008. Otherwise occasional birds fly over, generally from about 5-10 May.

 

White-winged Black Tern.

Several birds were seen in spring 2008 in company with Black Terns.

 

White-winged Black Tern

White-winged Black Terns

 

Feral Pigeon.

Occasional birds wander over the territory, resident in nearby villages.

 

Stock Dove.

Rare, occasional records of migrants only, usually in early spring. Best total was a total of eight recorded in a single week between 14-21 March 2019.

 

Wood Pigeon.

Common in summer, small numbers in the forest or, more frequently, flying over. Passage birds also occur, occasionally in large numbers, for example several hundred south on both 14 & 16 September 2013.

 

Turtle Dove.

One bird on 13 August 2014, flying in from the north, feeding briefly, then continuing south.

 

Cuckoo.

Fairly common from late April or May onwards, calling birds or flying over, breeds.

 

Eagle Owl.

One bird seen, flying through the forest canopy in February 2011, heard calling later in the same year.

 

Tawny Owl.

One pair breeds in a nestbox in the flooded forest, occasionally seen or heard through the year.

 

Tawny Owl

 

 

Tawny Owl

 

 

Long-eared Owl.

Common in adjacent pine forests, but only four records on my land - a single bird seen at dusk in November 2005, one on 23 May 2019, one on 16 August 2019 and one calling on 18 April 2020. Probably occurs more frequently.

 

Pygmy Owl.

Six records, all wintering birds at or near the feeding station - March 2007, February 2008, February 2010, November 2010, early March 2014 (singing), November 2019 - March 2020.

 

Common Swift.

Common overhead throughout the summer, generally arrives early May. Latest record, 12 birds on 6 September 2014.

 

European Nightjar.

Found during the daytime, a male and female in a small semi-open patch of woodland on 18 May 2020, both still present on the 19th. The area they occupied was cleared of larger trees by Beavers some years earlier, the hazel regrowth also much reduced by Beavers in the previous autumn.

 

Common Kingfisher.

Two records - one bird feeding in the forest lake on 22 August 2009, one on the excavated pools on 29 September 2019.

 

Hoopoe. 

Four records, one at the edge of the territory in 2008, then singing birds on 9 May 2010, 9 May 2016 and 19 May 2020.

 

European Bee-eater.

A rare bird in Lithuania, the only record on my Labanoras plot is a single bird flying over in mid-summer in 2010.

 

European Roller.

Almost extinct in Lithuania, Labanoras was one of the last localities for this rapidly declining species. Until 2009, one pair bred every year on my plot and could be seen from late May through to late August. In late 2009 however, the regular male disappeared and, although the female fledged the young, there have been no records since.

 

 

Roller

 

 

Roller

 

Black Woodpecker.

Year-round resident, breeds in the forest, more common in winter. For the first time, a male began to use the peanut feeders from January 2012 through to spring.

 

Grey-headed Woodpecker.

Regular on the feeders in winter (up to four), breeds in the flood forest or nearby most years.

 

White-backed Woodpecker.

Uncommon in Lithuania, but frequent on my land, one to two pairs breeding, two to five birds per winter at the feeders. As a historical note, the species was not recorded in the first couple of years on my land, but I had a fly-over on 2 August 2006, thereafter a male started using the feeders from January to March 2007, briefly reappearing in June. A female appeared from January 2009 till the winter's end, joined by a male in mid-March. This pair then established territory and the nest was found in late April, the first breeding record on the land. Probably aided by the large quantities of dead and dying trees resulting from beaver flooding, the species was then incresingly common from that date onwards.

 

Great Spotted Woodpecker.

Common, a minimum of two pairs breed. Up to sixteen birds at the feeders in winter.

 

Middle Spotted Woodpecker.

Common, one or two pairs breed. Up to eight at the feeders in winter.

 

Lesser Spotted Woodpecker.

One to two pairs breed. Up to four birds usually regular at the feeders in winter. A decline in autumn 2009 (possible to Pygmy Owl) saw the last female at the feeders disappear in December. Thereafter, there were no records until a pair reappeared in late March 2010. Regular again from that date, two pairs breeding in 2012.

 

Three-toed Woodpecker.

A rare species in Lithuania. One male was present in the flood forest from February-March 2009, another male spent three successive winters in the forest - from January-March 2012, November 2012 through to February 2013, and from 1 October 2013 through to 1 March 2014, a second bird noted on one date in February 2014. Finally, a single male was also recorded on one date in mid-January 2018.

 

Wryneck.

Regular in summer, singing birds from the middle to end of April. One to two pairs breed in the forest, some using nestboxes, more in nearby villages. Four singing males in early May 2020, two going on to hold territories.  Latest record was one on 16 August 2019.

 

Skylark.

Abundant summer visitor. Depending on snow cover, the first birds return from the end of February or early March, thereafter singing birds can be found throughout the meadows. A conservative estimate would put the population at about 20 pairs, many more in neighbouring meadows.

 

Woodlark.

Occasional migrant, breeds some years in the regenerating meadows. Best seasons to date were 2005 (after a flock of five on 28 March, three territorial pairs were present from early April) and 2020 (two territorial pairs from late March, thereafter breeding). Earliest spring records were of singles on 2 March and 5 March 2017, while the latest autumn records were on 25 September 2005 and 26 September 2013.

 

Swallow.

Breeds in neighbouring farms, and the barn in my garden. Abundant over the land, frequently drinking from the excavated pools. 

 

House Martin.

Frequent summer visitor, breeds in general area and often seen overhead.

 

Sand Martin.

Two records - at least two birds in a mixed hirundine flock on 31 August 2014, then one migrating over with Swallows on 2 May 2020.

 

Meadow Pipit.

Common summer visitor, two to four pairs breed in the meadows.

 

Tree Pipit.

One to two pairs breed some years, preferring the regenerating scrub. Occasional passage flocks also occur, including a flock of 14 on 27 April 2013, five on 30 August 2014 and 20 on 23 April 2016. Exceptional spring passage in 2020, begining with 12 on 22 April, then 15 on 25 April and an unprecedented 115 on 26 April 2020.

 

White Wagtail.

Returns end of Marsh to early April, breeds around the local houses and within the open flood forest (including in a woven nestbox in 2020), common on the land throughout the summer, most frequently beside the excavated pools and within the flood forest zone.

 

Yellow Wagtail.

Formerly one to three pairs typically bred in the area around the excavated pools, but rare in recent years, none breeding. On passage, thunbergi race sometimes occurs alongside the flava race.

 

Yellow Wagtail

 

Citrine Wagtail.

One record of this localised species - a male present on seasonal pool in the meadows on 5 May 2020.

 

Wren.

Common summer visitor, minimum 10-15 pairs breeding in the forest. Also a few passage birds, no winter records. 

 

Waxwing.

Flight records over the meadows include six birds on 12 February 2006, 30 on 10 April 2011 and 18 on 2 March 2017. More often seen distantly in neighbouring gardens - most records in November or early December, highest counts being 181 on 26 November 2006, 95 on 2 December 2006 and 40 on 16 November 2008.

 

 

Waxwing

 

Dunnock. 

Uncommon breeder in the forest, one or two pairs. Usually a moderately secretive bird in forest undergroth, but one at the feeders in April 2011. Probably overlooked to a degree.

 

Robin.

Common summer visitor and passage migrant. Peak numbers move through in early April, but thereafter a conservative estimate would put the breeding population at 10-15 pairs, mostly along the forest edge.

 

Thrush Nightingale.

Summer visitor, arriving mid-May. Pairs breed in the better vegetated areas of the regerating scrub, particularly alongside the damp forest.

 

Thrush Nightingale

 

Black Redstart.

Breeds around neighbouring houses and outbuildings, rare records near the excavated ponds or on open land laid bare by Wild Boars.

 

Black Redstart

 

Common Redstart.

Four records only - all females, one on 26 September 2012, one on 27 May 2013, one on 6 September 2014 and one on 25 August 2019. Surprisingly, no breeding records, despite suitable habitat and nestboxes.

 

Northern Wheatear.

Occasional records in spring (late April-May), almost always on the mounds around the pools, possibly bred in 2005. Autumn records rather rarer - two birds on 18 September 2005, four on 27 August 2006 (one remaining till 3 September), three on 7 September 2013 and four on 30 August 2014 (two still present on 4 September).

 

Whinchat.

Common summer visitor, arriving on around 22 April, about eight pairs breed. Regular passage birds, both spring and autumn.

Whinchat

 

Song Thrush.

Common passage migrant, becoming abundant in April. Several pairs stay to breed in the forest, population estimated at about ten or fifteen pairs.

 

Mistle Thrush.

Breeds in nearby pine forests, but a passage migrant on my land. Most commonly seen in early to mid-March, typical records are of pairs or flocks of four or five birds.

 

Redwing. 

Two to four pairs formerly breed in the flood forest, typically fledging young in mid June, though more scarce in recent years. Also moderately uncommon passage migrant, though occasionally hundreds passing through. Very heavy spring passage in 2020, many hundreds daily through the first three weeks of April. No winter records.

 

Fieldfare.

One or two pairs breed in the regenerating scrub area annually, several pairs in the forest. Otherwise an abundant passage migrant - flocks of up to 500 are common, particularly in spring. Uncommon in winter, but singles or small flocks can usually be found in nearby orchards.

 

Blackbird.

Common summer visitor, many pairs breed within the forest. Very rare in winter.

 

Garden Warbler.

Moderately common breeder, generally arriving in early May. Several pairs breed along the woodland edge and better vegetated parts of the regeneration zone.

 

Blackcap.

Common summer visitor, generally arriving from about 20 April, though a very early individual was recorded on 4 April 2019. Breeds in the forest and better vegetated areas of the regenerating scrub, population 10-20 pairs.

 

Barred Warbler.

One record - a singing male along a hedgeline on 19 May 2020.

 

Lesser Whitethroat.

Primarily a spring migrant, birds regularly recorded in the last days of April or early May. Additionally, sometimes breeds in the regenerating scrub.

 

Lesser Whitethroat

 

Common Whitethroat.

Common breeder in both the regenerating scrub and areas of more rank vegetation within the meadows. A conservative estimate would put the population somewhere in the region of fifteen pairs.

 

Sedge Warbler.

Colonising species as habitat improves. After a couple of initial records of singing birds in open areas within the flood forest in 2009, the species thereafter colonised, with at least four territories by 2012. As parts of the forest become more open due to beaver action, the population continued to increase and, from 2017 onward, the population exceeded ten territories.

 

Grasshopper Warbler.

Two records only, both singing birds - one on 22 May 2005 and one on 23 May 2020.

 

Savi's Warbler.

Becoming a regular breeding species - first record was a singing bird holding territory in the flood forest reedbeds from 3 May until at least 10 May 2015, with presumably the same bird reappearing in exactly the same location from 2 May till 9 May 2016. Thereafter, regular singing birds also heard throughout the season from 11 May 2019 and 1 May 2020.

 

River Warbler.

Common around nearby lakes, but few records actually on my land - one pair occcasionally breeds in a damper area within the regenerating scrub.

 

Great Reed Warbler.

Two records, both singing birds in the reeds in the open flood forest - one on several days in June 2017, one on 9 May 2020.

 

Reed Warbler.

Three records, probably overlooked - one bird in reeds in the open flood forest for a few days in early September 2015,  a territorial singing bird from 2 June 2016, one singing on 9 May 2020.

 

Marsh Warbler.

Fairly common in summer, birds arriving in late May. Breeding along a drainage ditch and in rank vegetation in the meadows, the typical population is from two to five pairs.

 

Icterine Warbler.

Up to four pairs breed in the forest, preferring the drier areas, particularly amongst the stands of oak.

 

Willow Warbler.

Abundant throughout the forest and the regenerating scrub zone, at least fifteen to twenty pairs breed.

 

Chiffchaff.

Common in the forest from early April, singing birds suggesting a minimum of twenty territories each year.

 

Greenish Warbler.

A single bird seen on 24 June 2010, feeding in the understory next to the feeding station.

 

Wood Warbler.

Breeds in the drier areas of forest. Three or four singing males hold territories per season. 

 

Goldcrest.

Breeds in pine forest on the edge of my territory, but mostly a passage migrant on my land. Few records in spring, rather more common in autumn.

 

Spotted Flycatcher.

Declining summer visitor, arriving mid-May. Currently only single pairs, though formerly a minimum of four to five pairs bred annually in the woodland, either in nestboxes or natural sites. More pairs were presumed in the inaccessible parts of the flood forest.

Spotted Flycatcher

 

Spotted Flycatcher

 

Red-breasted Flycatcher.

Uncommon breeder in the flood forest. A male feeding fledged young was seen on 22 June 2005, then singing birds were noted in 2007, 2010,  2012, 2013 and 2015, the birds holding territories in most of these years. It is probable that the species breeds every year, but the habitat is largely inaccessible during the summer. Occasional autumn birds also including in 2017.

 

Pied Flycatcher.

Common in the woodland, readily taking to the nestboxes. Typically arriving in mid-April, the breeding population is a minimum of 20 pairs.

 

Bearded Tit.

A single bird was noted in reeds in the open forest on 30 August 2015.

 

Great Tit.

The most abundant of the tit species, about 25 pairs breed, most in nestboxes, and winter tallies at the feeders exceed 150 birds. Large numbers also move through on migration, particularly in late September-October when hundreds of birds can occur daily at peak times.

 

Coal Tit.

Birds visit the feeding station some winters, typically a single bird or pair. Occasional birds also move through in autumn, numbers varying year to year.

 

Blue Tit.

Common breeder and winter visitor. About 10 pairs in the nest boxes and more in natural sites. One nestbox contained seventeen young in June 2005. Considerable autumn migration occurs and more birds influx in winter. Abundant at the feeding station, typical winter population about 60 birds.

 

Blue Tit

 

Crested Tit.

Two records - two birds feeding in the conifer groves on 19 October 2014, one in the same area on 15 February 2015.

 

Willow Tit.

Primarily a winter visitor. Outnumbered by Marsh Tits, typically one to four birds occur each winter at the feeders, with further birds recorded on autumn passage. Summer records rare, not thought to breed (but occurs in general area).

 

Marsh Tit.

Common resident, abundant at the feeders throughout the year. Four or five pairs breed, all in natural sites, and winter totals at the feeders estimated at 12-15 birds.

 

Marsh Tit

 

Long-tailed Tit. 

Breeder, migrant and wintering species. One to two pairs breed each year in the forest, but the greatest numbers occur in late September and October, when hundreds can move through on migration. Small flocks also occur at the feeding station in winter, usually about eight birds.  Almost all records relate to the white-headed caudatus race, but a single europaeus occured at the feeding station in January-February 2008 and in the next breeding season, a mixed pair was found, one adult caudatus, the other europaeus.

 

Long-tailed Tit

 

Nuthatch.

Common year-round resident. Three or four pairs breed and up to eight visit the feeders in winter. Most records relate to caesia race, but occasional europaea also occur in winter. An unusual eight-month absence of birds occurred in 2009-2010, with all birds vanishing in November 2009, not returning until June 2010.

 

Nuthatch

 

Treecreeper.

Resident in the forest, one or two pairs breed. Occasionally visits the feeding station in winter, foraging on the trunks beneath feeders. On extremely rare occasions has fed on the actual feeders.

 

Red-backed Shrike.

A common bird in the general area, arriving mid to late May, one to two pairs breed on my land - usually a pair along the ditch and additional pairs either near the entrance track or in the regenerating scrub. providion of 'shrike piles' has been a success - breeding birds using them immediately.

 

Red-backed Shrike

 

Great Grey Shrike.

Frequent during autumn and winter, typically one to two birds have large territories that include my land. Rare in summer, but a pair established territory in April 2006 and probably bred in the general area, appearing regularly on my land throughout the rest of the spring and summer. Also probably bred in the general area in 2014, with regular records through the summer.

 

Magpie.

Relatively common. One pair breeds on or around the territory each year. Nesting records to date have occurred in denser thickets in the regenerating scrub and, in 2009, one pair appeared to be prospecting in an open area within the actual forest itself.

 

Jay.

Common throughout the year, birds breeding in the forest and visiting the feeding station. Additionally, considerable autumn passage occurs, particularly in late September and movements can total 25-30 birds an hour at peak.

 

Nutcracker.

Most frequently seen in late August and September when vocal and mobile. At this time of year, many birds move into the forest to feed in hazel growths and counts of ten to fifteen a day are not uncommon. In 2008 at least, a pair also bred, fledging two young.

 

Nutcracker

 

 

Jackdaw.

Breeds in the general area. Not uncommon on my territory, frequently associating with visiting Rooks.

 

Rook.

Abundant summer visitor, breeds nearby and commonly feeds in the meadows. Also frequent flocks noted on passage and rare winter records.

 

Hooded Crow.

Year-round resident. Four or five pairs breed on my land or immediately adjacent.

 

Raven.

Common. Birds seen daily, frequently up to six or eight birds. An occupied nest was found in the forest in 2006, almost certainly breeds every year.

 

Starling.

Common summer visitor, arriving from March. About 12 pairs occupy nestboxes, with further pairs in natural sites throughout the forest, particularly in the zones with old oaks. Autumn flocks common in the meadows. 

 

Golden Oriole.

Fairly common breeder in the forest, singing males present from mid-May onwards. Population difficult to estimate, perhaps three pairs. Occasional birds in nearby gardens also. An unusual autumn passage flock occurred on 10 August 2014, with at least 20 birds present.

 

House Sparrow.

Breeds in adjacent territories, pairs occupying buildings or storks' nests. Absent in winter.

 

Tree Sparrow.

Quite common in surrounding gardens in summer. About five pairs nest, scattered between nestboxes and storks' nests.

 

Chaffinch. 

Common summer visitor, pairs breed throughout the forest. Also abundant passage migrant, flocks frequently numbering over 100, particularly in late March-April and late September-October.

 

Brambling.

Almost annual, but comparatively rare. All records relate to passage birds and flocks typically number up to 20, the notable exception being an impressive 450 birds on 14 October 2006. Also occasionally occurs at the feeding station, records including eight on 20 April 2005, a male on 30 April 2005, more in April 2006, a male on 29 October 2006 and a female on 13 April 2008.

 

Bramblings

 

Linnet.

Summer visitor, one or two pairs breed. More birds noted on passage.

 

Common (Mealy) Redpoll.

Common winter visitor and passage migrant. Flocks of up to 100 frequently noted in the alders both in the woodland and regenerating scrub, with further birds on the seadheads in the meadows, especially in the area around the excavated pools.

 

Lesser Redpoll.

Lithuanian rarity. Two birds recorded, a single amongst Common Redpolls in February 2009 and another drinking in the forest pool in October 2010.

 

Arctic Redpoll.

Lithuanian rarity. On 12 February 2006, in temperatures of minus 26 C, two birds were found in a flock of of 40 Common Redpolls.

 

Goldfinch.

Common year-round visitor, though not known to breed within the actual borders of the territory. The abundant seedheads and thistles in the uncut meadows attract winter flocks, frequently numbering upward of 40 birds.

 

Greenfinch.

Though abundant in the general area, Greenfinches are uncommon on my land - just three records, singles at my feeding station on 22 January 2006 and another February 2009, plus a flock of about 40 on 14 October 2006. By contrast, in neighbouring village areas, occasional birds occur throughout the year.

 

Siskin.

Fairly common passage visitor, uncommon in winter. Typically, flocks encountered in the alder woodlands, occasionally birds feeding under the feeders. No summer records.

 

Serin.

Relatively rare, singing birds recorded in the nearby village. Otherwise, one bird flying over the main land plot on 4 April 2011.

 

Bullfinch.

Common in autumn and winter, birds often feeding in the abundant ash trees throughout the forest. One or two pairs also breed per season and significant migration occurs in late autumn, frequent flocks moving through in late September and October.

 

Bullfinch

 

Hawfinch.

Fairly common, occurs as a breeding summer visitor, passage migrant and rare winter visitor. One to two pairs breed in the forest each year, frequently bringing the fledged young to the feeding station in late summer. Passage birds are most regular in late March and April, during which time flocks of six to eight sometimes occur. Occasional at the feeders throughout the year, though never abundant - singles and pairs are the norm, but the highest count was eight in late July 2005.

 

Common Crossbill.

Occasional records only, all of birds flying over. Largest counts were of 20 on 20 June 2006 and about 15 on 14 May 2020. Neighbouring pine forest support birds more regularly.

 

Parrot Crossbill.

Single bird on 27 October 2013.

 

Common Rosefinch.

Three to four pairs breed annually in the regenerating scrub area, others occasionally along the track. Easiest to see while singing from arrival in mid-May through to June, though a late bird was also seen on 3 September 2006.

 

Reed Bunting.

Until summer 2012, there had been just five records (one 7 August 2005, two 10 April 2006, one on 26 April 2009, one on 25 April 2010 and one on 9 April 2012), but in June 2012 a pair was found breeding in the encroaching reed in the open forest, breeding thereafter, From this year onward, an annual breeder, increasing from one or two pairs in the first years to four pairs in 2020.  An impressive flock of about 45 birds was noted on 14 April 2013.

 

Yellowhammer.

Moderately common, up to ten pairs breed in the regenerating scrub. Winter records are rare, more frequently seen alongside nearby roads.

 

Snow Bunting.

In the extremely late spring of 2013, a flock of five birds were discovered feeding on the track adjacent to my land on 6 April, a time when deep snow still blanketed all fields. A vehicle flushed the birds, the flock then disappearing across the meadows.

 

Pine Bunting.

Lithuanian rarity. One female, probably a first-year bird, was seen on 4 April 2009. Accepted by the Rarity Commission, this is the first record for Lithuania.

 

 

 

 

  

 

 


  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Last Updated ( Thursday, 21 May 2020 )
 
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